Mesenchymal stem cells are found in all healthy teeth. They are “building block” cells that not only can self replicate, but can also differentiate into many different cell types. With that trait they are able to repair or replace a wide variety of tissues, such as bone, cartilage, neural cells, muscle cells, and so on.
These cells are at the forefront of one of the most fascinating and revolutionary areas of biology and medicine today– and the science is progressing rapidly. Mesenchymal cells, with their potential of allowing researchers to grow and rejuvenate specific cells or tissues, may ultimately be used to treat a wide range of major diseases and conditions such as: